Spreading the Word: Deduction, Induction, Abduction?

When we reason, we use inferences. In philosophy, where people like to order and categorize things, there are three types of inferences: deduction, induction, abduction. We all use them daily (especially the last two), but we do not always realize what they are, how they work, and what are their strengths and weaknesses. Recently, I …

Continue reading Spreading the Word: Deduction, Induction, Abduction?

Hume’s Dilemma or the Problem on Induction

In the last week's article about deductive and inductive arguments, I mentioned something called Hume's dilemma. In this article, I discuss it in more detail. Here is a short recap of the main idea - the 18th century Scottish Enlightenment philosopher David Hume presented the scientific (and philosophical) community with a challenge: he claimed that …

Continue reading Hume’s Dilemma or the Problem on Induction

Deductive and Inductive Arguments

Last year I wrote two short articles about philosophical arguments - one about what they are and the other about how to evaluate them. This time, I look at two arguably best-known types of arguments and offer their brief introduction - deductive and inductive arguments. Both names refer to the structure of your argument, how …

Continue reading Deductive and Inductive Arguments