Spreading the Word: What Would Aztecs Say?

Today, I share with you an article on something very interesting. We all have our sets of moral values, have heard about different systems of ethics and so on. But have you ever thought what kind of ethics did the Aztecs have? What did they consider the right and proper behavior, and what was frowned …

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Spreading the Word: Our Last Universal Common Ancestor – LUCA

In this week's "Spreading the Word", I share with you a video. It is a fascinating story exploring the origins of... well, of all of us and all life around us! Who was our last universal common ancestor? Lovingly nicknamed Luca. After many years of research, we have gained some interesting insights on what was …

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130 Years Before Socrates: Historical Exploration (Part 1 – Persians Conquer Ionia)

Last week I wrote an introduction article giving an overview of the historical ground we will cover in the roughly 130 years leading up to the famous Greek philosopher Socrates. This post is the first part of our journey. We will visit the Asian side of Greek city-states (Asia Minor): the Ionian region where, so …

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Spreading the Word: Collapse of Civilizations at the End of Bronze Age

In this week's "Spreading the Word", I share with you a podcast episode. It is a 1 hour long video where the channel author tells about one of the great mysteries of history: sudden collapse of entire civilizations and systems of the Eastern Mediterranean region in the late 13th/early 12th centuries BCE. It is the …

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130 Years Before Socrates: Historical Exploration (Introduction)

Pre-Socratics in the history of philosophy are a group of Greek thinkers who lived and contemplated the nature of reality before the great Master of Western philosophy (a bit like Yoda from Star Wars), Socrates, was born. By the way, he was born in Athens in 469 BCE. Despite his monumental role, Socrates was not …

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Anaximander – the Second Philosopher of Miletus

In one of my previous articles on the ancient Greek philosophers before Socrates (the 'pre-Socratics') I wrote about the first one of them on record - Thales. Now it is time to explore the second of the 'Milesian trio' - Anaximander. All three lived in the city of Miletus in 6th century BCE, hence the …

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Sometimes We Need to Shift Focus

It is fascinating how our minds work. They make connections between seemingly unrelated pieces of information and turn them into original, interesting insights. Afterwards, it can be impossible to explain where you got that great idea from! That`s how creativity works and that is where the roots of our deepest knowledge are hidden. So, sometimes …

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Before Socrates – Origins of Western Philosophy (Part 2 of 2)

Last week I wrote the first part of this article. In it, I started drawing the historical background leading up to the first recorded ancient Greek philosopher - Thales. In this second part, I finish the article and bring our time journey from its last stop (­~10th/9th century BC) some 300-400 years ahead to the …

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Before Socrates – Origins of Western Philosophy (Part 1 of 2)

It is ironic, really - a man who made it his point to never write down any of his thoughts and claimed that he knew nothing is also the man who is among the most famous western philosophers. One of the "founding fathers", so to speak. I am referring to Socrates, of course. Luckily, his …

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