Spreading the Word: Scientific Revolution

This week I am finishing up the topic of the history of the Scientific Revolution. After having offered my philosophical take on it in the last two articles, I share with you this fun short video from the same YouTube channel that brought you last week's Plato and Aristotle - the CrashCourse. I especially appreciate …

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Tension in Enlightenment Project

One of the more striking incoherences characteristic of the Enlightenment is the struggle to establish a naturalistic foundation for morality and ethics. Given the success of the natural sciences and overall confidence in the human cognitive capacities to understand and explain nature in a purely mechanistic way, the hopes of Enlightenment thinkers must have been …

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Philosophical Notes: Is Kant an Enlightenment Thinker?

There are different views about this question. Some scholars see the 18th-century German philosopher Immanuel Kant as one of the central Enlightenment thinkers, while others claim that in him we can already see the shift away from the self-confident optimism about the power of human reason that marked the Enlightenment age. However, any answer to …

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Complexity Of The Science And Religion History

It can be argued that history as an academic discipline, itself one of the oldest human and social sciences, can never provide a true reflection of events it claims to investigate. By 'true' I mean here 'objective' and by this I mean an account that is free from the influence of the personal interests of …

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Spreading the Word: Free Will Anyone?

This Friday I share with you a short video on free will. In it, this complex topic is explored from a scientific and, ultimately, philosophical perspective. I wonder, do we all even mean the same thing when referring to free will? Could free will be a concept we use to describe an evolutionary adaptation that …

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Our Universe: Fine-Tuning or Coincidence?

Our universe could have developed in a great number of different ways. Yet, it developed in such a way that allowed complexity and, in time, life to emerge. How so? For what reason? And, perhaps more importantly - why does it matter to even think about such things? Image by Free-Photos from Pixabay People have …

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Xenophanes from Colophon – a Pre-Socratic Greek Philosopher (ca. 540 BCE)

In my last article on the exploration of the historical context of the time around 130 years before Socrates, we discovered the events of roughly 50 years of the 6th century BCE. It was the time when most known philosophical activity of the Greeks was still taking place in their Ionian city-states, on the coast …

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The Meaning of Objectivity, Reality, Truth – Part II (Final)

In the first part of this article (published last week), I stopped at the appearance on the stage of Plato and his ideas of what is real, as expressed in his famous cave allegory. Now, I jump right in and pick up from exploring Plato`s thoughts on the topic of reality. Afterwards, I offer some …

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