Spreading the Word: Fable of the Bees

How can a poem influence economy and what do bees have to do with it? The 18th-century Anglo-Dutch philosopher, physician and satirist Bernard Mandeville has an answer. Fable of the Bees is his book that contains the satiric poem "The Grumbling Hive; or, Knaves Turn'd Honest" (1705) in which Mandeville uses an allegory to show …

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Aquinas On Soul – Brief Notes

For St. Thomas Aquinas, any material substance (unlike immaterial, for example, angels) is a metaphysical unity made of matter and form. The substantial form is what configures or organizes the matter into this substance and not any other. For a human being, our substantial form is our soul. Human souls are rational. Therefore, according to …

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